Russia plans to try more than 200 Ukrainians for crimes against humanity. That would be done before an international tribunal that Moscow would set up.
Since the United Nations is dominated by the West, the Russian tribunal would be headed by a partner organization of Russia. That said, Aleksandr Bastrykin, the head of the Russian investigation committee, interviewed the newspaper Rossiskaja Gazeta on Monday.
According to Bastrykin, Bolivia, Iran, and Syria have already indicated that they want to participate in the tribunal. Bastrykin also said investigations are underway against British, American, Canadian, Dutch, and Georgian citizens accused of fighting on the Ukrainian side.
Two Britons and a Moroccan have already been sentenced to death by pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine’s Donetsk region. The appeals process is still ongoing. Russia has a moratorium on the death penalty.
However, Russia faces more than 1,300 criminal cases against about 400 people for war crimes against the Ukrainian civilian population in the Donbas before the International Criminal Court (ICC). In addition, about 220 people were charged with crimes against humanity in preliminary investigations.
Ukraine is also conducting its own investigations. Earlier this month, Kyiv said it was investigating more than 21,000 war crimes and aggression crimes committed by Russian troops. The International Criminal Court in The Hague, which has described Ukraine as a “crime scene, ” has already sent a team of investigators and forensic experts to Kyiv.
Since the invasion began in February, the Kremlin has denied any war crimes or intentional targeting of civilians.